Friends of Terpsichore Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all...Aristotle

Friends of Terpsichore

“Once made equal to man, woman becomes his superior.” Socrates


Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)
Bill Moyers Journal: Sarah Chayes on Rebuilding Afghanistan (2008)
Bill Moyers Journal: Susan Jacoby on American Ignorance
The Open Mind: The "Dumbing Down" of America - Susan Jacoby

The following are some exceptional women:

Extraordinary Women from the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation

Nigeria's 19-year old Saheela Ibraheem, Final Year Student of Neurobiology in Harvard | Africa-OnTheRise

Shakuntala Devi - India's Human Computer

Shakuntala Devi (writer and mental calculator).jpg
By Source (WP:NFCC#4), Fair use, Link

head shot of deceased mathematician, Shakuntala Devi

Oriana Fallaci: journalist, interviewer and author 
More details
Photograph of Oriana Fallaci, found on the back cover of a book published in 1979: Un uomo, Rizzoli Editore, Milan, 1979

Nur Jahan(1577-1645 C.E.) Wife of the Emperor Jahanjir, she was considered by many historians to be the real power behind the throne

When Sabina Spielrein returned to Russia in 1923 she opened a kindergarten where children were to be raised as free persons as early in life as possible. Although Stalin had enrolled his own son Vasily under a false name, the institution was closed by the authorities using doctored-up sexual perversions on the children as an excuse.
Her husband Pavel Scheftel died in Stalin’s Great Terror in 1936, and her brother, a pioneering Soviet psychologist, also in 1937. Sabina Spielrein and her two daughters were murdered by Nazi troops in 1942:

Sabina Spielrein.jpg
By Unknown - Family photo, Public Domain, Link

Sabina Spielrein - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
»Ich hiess Sabina Spielrein«
ISFP Gallery of Russian Thinkers: Sabina Spielrein
AddALL Rare Used and Out of Print Book Search

Hypatia of Alexandria, who believed in common sense rather than blind religious belief, was murdered by fanatical monks

Sofia Kovalevskaya, a genius mathematician, part Romani origin, Russian Emigre:

Sofja Wassiljewna Kowalewskaja 1.jpg
By Unknown -,603649, Public Domain, Link

Photographie der russischen Mathematikerin Sofja Wassiljewna Kowalewskaja. Das Foto entstand kurz nach 1880 und stammt vermutlich aus der Sammlung des Mittag-Leffler-Instituts der Schwedischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Stockholm. Siehe auch: Cordula Tollmien: Fürstin der Wissenschaft. Die lebensgeschichte der Sofja Kowalewskaja. Beltz & Gelberg, 1995. S.112, 191.

Helen of Burma/Goodreads

The Sunday Telegraph said: “HELEN OF BURMA is an inspiring story. Nobody reading it can believe that women are, except by their own choice, the lesser sex”

Mary Seacole, Jamaican nurse during the Crimean War

Seacole photo.jpg
By Unknown - Unknown, Public Domain, Link

Only known photograph of Mary Seacole (1805-1881), taken c.1873 by Maull & Company in London by an unknown photographer (who probably died before 1936), and so:

Chatelet biography
Gabrielle-Emilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Chatelet (French scientist and philosopher) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Description de cette image, également commentée ci-après
Par Quentin de La Tour, Domaine public, Lien

Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil.
Gabrielle Emilie le Tonnelier de Breteuil du Chatelet - and Voltaire
Émilie du Châtelet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze/Lavoisier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

David - Portrait of Monsieur Lavoisier and His Wife.jpg
By Jacques-Louis David - Metropolitan Museum of Art, online database: entry 436106 (accession number: 1977.10), Public Domain, Link

David - Portrait of Monsieur Lavoisier and His Wife
Imaging a career in science: the ... - Google Books

Gertrude Bell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Desert Queen eBook: Janet Wallach: Kindle Store

Launch of IYA 2009, Paris - Grygar, Bell Burnell cropped.jpg
By <a href="//,_Paris_-_Grygar,_Bell_Burnell.jpg" title="File:Launch of IYA 2009, Paris - Grygar, Bell Burnell.jpg">Launch_of_IYA_2009,_Paris_-_Grygar,_Bell_Burnell.jpg</a>: Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
derivative work: <a href="//" title="User:Anrie">Anrie</a> (<a href="//" title="User talk:Anrie"><span class="signature-talk">talk</span></a>) - <a href="//,_Paris_-_Grygar,_Bell_Burnell.jpg" title="File:Launch of IYA 2009, Paris - Grygar, Bell Burnell.jpg">Launch_of_IYA_2009,_Paris_-_Grygar,_Bell_Burnell.jpg</a>, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Jocelyn Bell Burnell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BBC News Channel - HARDtalk, Jocelyn Bell Burnell - Astrophysicist

Rosalind Franklin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rosalind Elsie Franklin: Pioneer Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin Society - Home

Lise Meitner - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lise Meitner | Biography |
Lise Meitner: A Life in Physics

How the Woman Who Found a Leprosy Treatment Was Almost Lost to History

Jewish-Greek Pianist:
Gina Bachauer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gina Bachauer / Various Gina Bachauer - First HMV Recordings 1949-51 CD
Biographies and Autobiographies - Women at the Piano

Teresa Carreño - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Teresa Carreno (Venezuelan pianist) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Jewish-Austrian Inventor:

Hedy Lamarr Foundation
Inventor of the Week: Archive
Hedy Lamarr - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hommage à Hedy Lamarr
The Official Site of Hedy Lamarr

Annie Oakley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Woman the hunter: Ancient Andean remains challenge old ideas of who speared big game

Varya Akulova - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nancy Wake - WW2 Secret Agent, born in New Zealand, fearless and strong as an ox

Nancy Wake (1945).jpg
By Australian War Memorial on line catalogue ID Number: P00885.001, Public Domain, Link

1945. STUDIO PORTRAIT OF NANCY WAKE, HIGHLY DECORATED WOMAN MEMBER OF THE ALLIED ESCAPE ROUTE ORGANISATION IN OCCUPIED FRANCE 1940 - 1943. FOR HER WORK WITHIN THE FRENCH RESISTANCE SHE WAS KNOWN BY THE GESTAPO AS THE WHITE MOUSE. SHE IS WEARING A BRITISH ARMY UNIFORM, THAT OF THE FIRST AID NURSING YEOMANRY. (DONOR N. FORWARD) Copyright Clear Higher resolution versions of this image may be ordered through the AWM Website at The photo was taken during the Second World War. Higher resolution images may be ordered through the AWM (Source: email from the AWM to Nick Dowling 6 January 2006).

Madame Clicquot, the Veuve Clicquot : history of the widow of the House Veuve Clicquot

By Léon Cogniet - originally uploaded on en.wikipedia by Nunh-huh (talk · contribs) at 28 December 2005, 09:23. Filename was Veuve-Clicquot-Boursault.jpg.. Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Denys., Public Domain, Link

Portrait of Madame Clicquot and her great-granddaughter Anne de Rochechouart-Mortemart by Léon Cogniet.

Veuve Clicquot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fu Hao - Wikipedia

Fu Hao.jpg
CC BY 2.5, Link

Statue of Fu Hao at Yinxu Military General - Priestess

Wu Zetian - Wikipedia

A Tang Dynasty Empress Wu Zetian.JPG
By Unknown - Image taken from An 18th century album of portraits of 86 emperors of China, with Chinese historical notes. Originally published/produced in China, 18th century. (British Library, Shelfmark Or. 2231), Public Domain, Link

The Demonization of Empress Wu | History | Smithsonian

Anna Ella Carroll - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anna Ella Carroll, Maryland Women's Hall of Fame
The Canadian Military Heritage Project - War of 1812. Laura Secord. Find your military ancestors and learn their history.
Rebecca West - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Two very interesting books you can read online:
Internet Archive: Free Download: THE NEW MEANING OF TRAEASON
Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Part One) - 41.01
Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Part Two) - 41.02
Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Part Three) - 41.03
Black Lamb and Grey Falcon
Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Part Five)
Black Lamb and Grey Falcon, Rebecca West, Download - Barnes & Noble
Erlund Hudson - Telegraph

Clara Driscoll (Tiffany glass designer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Clara Driscoll and the Tiffany Girls: The Women of Tiffany Studios by Margaret K. Hofer, Nina Gray, from Antiques & Fine Art magazine

Barbara Tuchman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

First woman in space:
Valentina Tereshkova - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Valentina Tereshkova

Valentina Tereshkova (2017-03-06).jpg
By, CC BY 4.0, Link

Valentina Tereshkova Biography

2nd woman in space, first woman to walk in space:

Svetlana Savitskaya, 7 December 2018.jpg
By, CC BY 4.0, Link

Svetlana Savitskaya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hanna Reitsch: Hitler’s Female Test Pilot
Sabiha Gokcen - another great pilot

Brooksley Born - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Warning | Watch S28 E2 | FRONTLINE | PBS | Official Site

Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Enduring Power of Queen Njinga | BU Today

Menen Asfaw - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Empress Menen Asfaw with Crown.jpg
By Unknown -, Public Domain, Link

The Biography of Empress Menen Asfaw: Anjahli Parnell: Kindle Store

Tamar of Georgia (Tamar the Great):

Tamar (Vardzia fresco detail).jpg
By Unknown - Part of the 12th-13th-century Vardzia Monastery mural File:Queen Tamar - Vardzia fresco.jpg, Public Domain, Link

Queen Tamar of Georgia (r. 1178/1184-1213)

Rani Lakshmibai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rani of jhansi.jpg
By Lakshmibai, Rani of Jhansi - Gallery, which that says it is from the British Library's 'Images Online Collection', but the provided link to the Collection is dead., Public Domain, Link

Category:Female Sikh warriors - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

By Anonymous - 19th-century painting. National Museum of History, Athens [1], cf. better online copy at [2]
Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by User:Sreejithk2000 using CommonsHelper., Public Domain, Link

Laskarina Bouboulina.Laskarina "Bouboulina" Pinotsis was a Greek naval commander, heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, and allegedly first woman-admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.Wikipedia

The Tru'ng Sisters (AD 12 - AD 43), Vietnamese rebel leaders - rebelled against Han China

Murasaki Shikibu, Japanese novelist at the Imperial court during the Heian period.

Artemisia, Warrior-Queen of Halicarnassus:

Artemisia at the Battle of Salamis.jpg
By Kaulbach, Wilhelm von, 19th century -
This file has been extracted from another file: Kaulbach, Wilhelm von - Die Seeschlacht bei Salamis - 1868.JPG
, Public Domain, Link

Artemisia at the Battle of Salamis. On the identification with Artemisia: "...Above the ships of the victorious Greeks, against which Artemisia, the Xerxes' ally, sends fleeing arrows...". Original German description: "Die neue Erfindung, welche Kaulbach für den neuen hohen Beschützer zu zeichnen gedachte, war wahrscheinlich „die Schlacht von Salamis“. Ueber den Schiffen der siegreichen Griechen, gegen welche Artemisia, des Xerxes Bundesgenossin, fliehend Pfeile sendet, sieht man in Wolken die beiden Ajaxe" in Altpreussische Monatsschrift Nene Folge p.300

Wang Cong'er - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Riddle of Zhenfei (Imperial Concubine Zhen)
Imperial Consort Zhen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

光绪珍妃.jpg"></span><span style=光绪珍妃.jpg">
By Unknown -, Public Domain, Link

Margaret I of Denmark - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


More details
Portrait detail of tomb of Queen Margaret the Great of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in Roskilde Cathedral, as released by image creator Ristesson; Place: Roskilde, Denmark

Marguerite de Navarre

Marguerite d'Angoulême.jpg
By Jean Clouet - [1], Public Domain, Link

Portrait of Marguerite d'Angoulême (1492-1549)

Ana Pauker - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


More details
Ana Pauker, romanian communist leader
Ana Pauker | Jewish Women's Archive

Judit Polgár - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Judit The Look Polgar.jpg
By Stefan64 - Self-photographed, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Judit Polgar, chess grandmaster from Hungary

Judit Polgar

Very outspoken Canadian Journalist from Alberta:
Catherine Ford Gets Personal

PROFESSOR JANICE STEIN, Canadian Scholar, Professor of Conflict Management and Negotiation:
Janice Stein - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One of her books: Cult of Efficiency: You can get more of her books from here: - Cult of Efficiency
AddALL Rare Used and Out of Print Book Search

Jacqueline de Romilly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

MARGARET GILBERT: British-born social philosopher, author of groundbreaking books on human interaction, now at Irvine, University of California; some information:
UC Irvine - Faculty Profile System
“...With her wonderfully original mind, Margaret Gilbert is one of the greatest living scholars of social and moral history....”
Gilbert Breaking New Ground In Philosophy Of Social Phenomena - February 3, 2003
Margaret Gilbert - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Some of her books: - browse and compare book price: Margaret Gilbert Margaret Gilbert - Nonfiction: 洋書 A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society eBook: Margaret Gilbert: The Kindle Store
Anna Komnene - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Agnes of France, Byzantine Empress - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

History of Black Women in the Mathematical Sciences
10 Remarkable Female Mathematicians

Philanthropist MacKenzie Scott says she has given $4.1B US to charity

MacKenzie Bezos.png
By US gov - cropped version of
<a href="//" title="File:Naturalization Ceremony (27590969882).jpg">File:Naturalization_Ceremony_(27590969882).jpg</a>, Public Domain, Link

“It is worth fighting for even one child’s life” — Mrs. Marianna Vardinoyannis, Mandela Prize Laureate 2020/Activist
— Mrs. Marianna Vardinoyannis, Mandela Prize Laureate 2020

Marianna Vardinoyannis.jpg
By, CC BY 4.0, Link

Josephine Baker - first black superstar, activist

Josephine Baker 1949.jpg
By Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964 - Portraits by Carl Van Vechten at The <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="">Library of Congress</a>, Public Domain, Link Website

Stagecoach Mary (Mary Fields):
"Meet Stagecoach Mary, the Daring Black Pioneer Who Protected Wild West Stagecoaches.Would-be mail thieves didn’t stand a chance against Stagecoach Mary. The hard-drinking, quick-shooting mail carrier sported two guns and men’s clothing."

Timeline of women in ancient warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Timeline of women in medieval warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Timeline of women in early modern warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Women in warfare (1750–1799) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Timeline of women in 19th century warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Women in warfare (1900–1939) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Women Warriors in the 20th Century : provided by Lothene Experimental Archaeology
Women in the military - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
African Queens and Warrior Women
African Women Warriors
Soviet women in World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Soviet Women Pilots in the Great Patriotic War
Agnes Meyer Driscoll - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plan Canada - Because I am a Girl | Women Empowerment CampaignMiddle East Live/Guardian
Lady Linguists